Scholars on the hill Series: Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah

Scholars on the hill Series: Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah

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Muflehun held the second event of its “Scholars on the Hill Series” for government, academia and think tanks. The speaker was renowned scholar Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah (bio) and translation provided by Shaykh Hamza Yusuf . The topic discussed was  “Countering Radicalization and Violent Extremism from a Theological Perspective.”

Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah talked about the Mardin conference in 2010 that focused on understanding and addressing Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa that has been extensively used to support violence. The new Mardin Declaration and the Shaykh’s research highlighted that:

  • The categorization of countries into Dar al Islam and Dar al Harb is descriptive, and is not meant to be prescriptive
  • The constructs of Dar al Islam/Dar al Harb/Dar al Sulh are not relevant in today’s context of nation states
  • Various hate preachers and Al-Qaeda affiliates have quoted Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa however they refer to an edition that has a typo such that their understanding of Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa is flawed. Instead of “treating people” as per their own faith, they misread his work to read “kill people” of other faiths. When research was done on comparing the words of the fatwa across editions, it was discovered that older editions did not allow for killing, whereas a typo in an Egyptian edition that was less than 100 years old did so.
  • Jihad is misunderstood by violent extremists who fail to understand the conditions of armed combat

The new Mardin Declaration is considered such a threat that it has been attacked three times already by various spokesmen for Al-Qaeda and its affiliates, including mentioning Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah by name. Copies can be downloaded from the Mardin Fatwa website.

* Muflehun does not endorse any school of thought or scholar, and the speaker’s opinions are entirely his own.

U.S. Muslims Issue Fatwa Against Religious Extremism

U.S. Muslims Issue Fatwa Against Religious Extremism

This fatwa was issued more than 2 years ago by the Fiqh Council of North America . It is one of many that have been issued on the topic.

U.S. MUSLIMS ISSUE FATWA AGAINST RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM
Dated: 2008-07-11

The Fiqh Council of North America wishes to reaffirm Islam’s condemnation of terrorism and religious extremism.

Islam strictly condemns religious extremism and the use of violence against innocent lives. There is no justification in Islam for extremism or terrorism. Targeting civilians’ life and property through suicide bombings or any other method of attack is haram – prohibited in Islam – and those who commit these barbaric acts are criminals, not “martyrs.”

The Qur’an, Islam’s revealed text, states: “Whoever kills a person, unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land, it is as though he has killed all mankind. And whoever saves a person, it is as though he had saved all mankind.” (Qur’an, 5:32)

Prophet Muhammad said there is no excuse for committing unjust acts: “Do not be people without minds of your own, saying that if others treat you well you will treat them well, and that if they do wrong you will do wrong to them. Instead, accustom yourselves to do good if people do good and not to do wrong (even) if they do evil.” (Al-Tirmidhi)

God mandates moderation in faith and in all aspects of life when He states in the Qur’an: “We made you to be a community of the middle way, so that (with the example of your lives) you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind.” (Qur’an, 2:143)

In another verse, God explains our duties as human beings when he says: “Let there arise from among you a band of people who invite to righteousness, and enjoin good and forbid evil.” (Qur’an, 3:104)

Islam teaches us to act in a caring manner to all of God’s creation. The Prophet Muhammad, who is described in the Qur’an as “a mercy to the worlds” said: “All creation is the family of God, and the person most beloved by God (is the one) who is kind and caring toward His family.”

In the light of the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah we clearly and strongly state:

  1. All acts of terrorism targeting the civilians are Haram (forbidden) in Islam.
  2. It is Haram for a Muslim to cooperate or associate with any individual or group that is involved in any act of terrorism or violence.
  3. It is the duty of Muslims to cooperate with the law enforcement authorities to protect the lives of all civilians.

We issue this fatwa following the guidance of our scripture the Qur’an and the teachings of our Prophet Muhammad –peace be upon him. We urge all people to resolve all conflicts in just and peaceful manners. We have deep concern for the suffering and pain of millions of Muslims in different parts of the world. We deplore those who cause death and destruction to them. However, we urge Muslims to not lose their moral grounds. God’s help is with those who follow the right path.

We pray for the defeat of extremism, terrorism and injustice. We pray for the safety and security of our country United States and its people. We pray for the safety and security of all inhabitants of this globe. We pray that interfaith harmony and cooperation prevail both in United States and every where in the world.